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Gum disease in Perth: the lowdown

Most adults will experience gum disease at some point in their life. Whether you know it or not, you’ve probably seen evidence of this – blood when you brush your teeth can be a sign of gum disease.

At this early stage, it can be easily treated, and gums can be restored to full health. However, if left, gum disease can develop into advanced gum disease, which can lead to bone and tooth loss.

Here at Elite Perio, we check our patients for signs of gum disease in Perth at their regular maintenance check-up. Our gum dentist, Dr Mahnaz Syed, will look for inflamed gums, a build-up of tartar and changes in teeth position, which are all signs of gum disease in Perth. She will also ask you if you have seen blood stains on your pillow when you wake up in the morning, if you have any aches, pains or itches in your mouth, or if you’ve noticed that you’ve developed a bad taste in the mouth.

Early gum disease is known as gingivitis, which affects the surface layer of the gums. The advanced stage is called periodontitis, which is where the build-up of plaque and tartar has become so ingrained that it is giving off tissue-damaging toxins. This can cause the gums to recede, loosening support for the teeth. It can also attack other soft tissues in the mouth and the jawbone. Once it has gone to this stage, it may not be possible to restore the bone tissue or save the weakened tooth.

Everyone needs to take good care of their teeth and gums, with a minimum of twice-daily brushing and flossing for two minutes, preferably with an electric toothbrush, and a dental check-up every six months. And there are certain groups are even more susceptible to gum disease in Perth and may need more regular check-ups. These include:

· Smokers

· Diabetics

· Pregnant women

· Those with immune-suppressing diseases

· Patients with lots of fillings and crowns

· People with a history of gum disease in their family

· The highly stressed.

Dr Syed treats gum disease by removing hardened tartar and infected gum tissue using local anaesthetic if needed. If more extensive treatment is required, bone reconstruction and teeth adjustment is available.